ALL National Guards troops belong to TWO reserves: their state Guard Units AND the National Guard of the United States. Under the terms of the National Defense Act of 1933, The National Guard of the United States was established; it IS a department of the U.S. Army, period. That means ALL state Guard units CAN be federalize WITHOUT any input from the state governors in a time of "national emergency". Scary, huh? The ONE reserve militia unit established in the Dick Act that has NEVER changed IS the "unorganized" militia: EVERY able bodied American male from 17-60(originally, it was 17-45, but when the Guard raised their maximum age of recruitment to 59 the criteria for the "unorganized" militia also changed).Don't the governors of the states activate their guard units and send them where they are needed? Aren't these guard members your neighbors? Where does the federal government fit in when they are called to serve; say in the middle east? So don't the guard members serve at the state governor's pleasure? The guard goes where the governor of the state sends them? Correct?